Scrivner, E. Role of police psychology in controlling excessive force in 50 large cities in the United States, [Data file and codebook]. Lastname, F.
How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA - EasyBib Blog
Title of doctoral dissertation Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from Name of Database.
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Accession or Order No. Boucher, H. Culture and implicit self-concept inconsistency Doctoral dissertation.
Referencing a Dissertation in APA | Pen and the Pad
If you found the dissertation elsewhere online, for example an institutional web site, you can use the URL instead of an order number. Unpublished interviews are considered personal communication and are cited in text only, not in the reference list. The in-text citation should include the interviewee's initials, surname, and exact date of interview, e.
Murray, personal communication, March 2, , unless the interview was part of your qualitative data collection, in which case the identity of the interviewee should not be disclosed. Two authors Mario, L.
Doctoral dissertation and master's theses: general form
Three authors Smith, J. If the paper has been revised as can happen many times if the paper is being prepared for publication , use the year of the draft the pertinent information is being taken from. Standard form Capitalize only the first word of the title, and the first word of any subtitle; also capitalize any proper names in the title. Separate title and subtitle with a colon :.
The title should be italicized, except in the case of raw data taken from an unpublished study, where the topic of the study is then put in brackets to show that it is a description of the content and not an actual title see examples below. End the title with a period.
Useful Tips for How to Cite a Dissertation
Standard form The acquisition of suprasegmental skills in Pig Latin as a second language. Title and subtitle Phonemes in Pig Latin: A look at the production and perception of difficult sounds. Do not italicize this part of the citation. End with a period. If a university is cited, separate the publication process information and the name of the university with a comma ,.
Include the city, state, and country if outside the United States of the university unless such information is included in the name of the university.
See the examples below for more information. Unpublished Manuscript not submitted for publication Manuscript Title. Unpublished manuscript. Unpublished Manuscript with a university cited Manuscript Title.
- APA Reference Page | Formatting Guidelines [Sample];
- Reference List: Other Print Sources.
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Unpublished Manuscript submitted for publication Manuscript Title. Manuscript submitted for publication. Note: if the manuscript or paper has been accepted for publication , do not use a year.