Basic features and elements of essays

Then, the writer selected friends as the context, dogs being good examples of friends. This shaped the topic and narrowed the focus to dogs as friends. This would make writing the remainder of the essay much easier because it allows the writer to focus on aspects of dogs that make them good friends. Each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence. If the thesis contains multiple points or assertions, each body paragraph should support or justify them, preferably in the order the assertions originally stated in the thesis. Thus, the topic sentence for the first body paragraph will refer to the first point in the thesis sentence and the topic sentence for the second body paragraph will refer to the second point in the thesis sentence.

Generally, if the thesis sentence contains three related points, there should be three body paragraphs, though you should base the number of paragraphs on the number of supporting points needed. Every body paragraphs uses specific details, such as anecdotes, comparisons and contrasts, definitions, examples, expert opinions, explanations, facts, and statistics to support and develop the claim that its topic sentence makes.

Basic Features and Elements of an Essay | Essays | Paragraph

Most teachers will reward creativity and thoughtful organization over dogmatic adherence to a prescribed structure. Many will not. If you are not sure how your teacher will respond to a specific structure, ask. Organizing your essay around the thesis sentence should begin with arranging the supporting elements to justify the assertion put forth in the thesis sentence. Not all thesis sentences will, or should, lay out each of the points you will cover in your essay.

The writer may next ask what characteristics dogs have that make them true friends.

Organizing a History Essay

Each characteristic may be the topic of a body paragraph. Loyalty, companionship, protection, and assistance are all terms that the writer could apply to dogs as friends. Note that if the writer puts dogs in a different context, for example, working dogs, the thesis might be different, and they would be focusing on other aspects of dogs. It is often effective to end a body paragraph with a sentence that rationalizes its presence in the essay.

Ending a body paragraph without some sense of closure may cause the thought to sound incomplete. Each body paragraph is something like a miniature essay in that they each need an introductory sentence that sounds important and interesting, and that they each need a good closing sentence in order to produce a smooth transition between one point and the next.

Body paragraphs can be long or short. It depends on the idea you want to develop in your paragraph. Depending on the specific style of the essay, you may be able use very short paragraphs to signal a change of subject or to explain how the rest of the essay is organized. Do not spend too long on any one point.

Providing extensive background may interest some readers, but others would find it tiresome. Keep in mind that the main importance of an essay is to provide basic background on a subject and, hopefully, to spark enough interest to induce further reading.

The above example is a bit free-flowing and the writer intended it to be persuasive. It is the same for an essay and the main body.

How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay Introduction

The body paragraphs are the part of your essay between the introduction and conclusion. Text length depends on your word limit and your own writing energy. Every paragraph has to loosely consist of a similar number of words.

It had to be done. Every paragraph represents only one sub-point in order to let your reader easily follow your reasoning. The most important, or strongest, arguments you should place at the beginning of the essay main body or save for the last paragraph because they will make a first impression and form a fine aftertaste. All parts of the main body should be connected with proper transitions. A coherent text is more convincing and readable than a range of random arguments. You should enforce all points with one or more supporting details. Your statements will sound unreliable without facts, real-life examples, quotes, statistics, etc.

Remember that not only the general length of your writing matters. Every paragraph should be about sentences. It is impossible to make a statement and prove it in one sentence. On the other hand, a reader loses his or her concentration while reading a long paragraph. That is why there is no need to elongate your speech artificially.

One of the most popular models of writing is the five-paragraph essay.


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It is not always appropriate, but useful for beginners who have just started their way to academic success. The structure of this draft is simple: introduction, three body paragraphs, and conclusion. There are two different strategies of the disposition of the arguments. The first method suggests putting your weakest point in the middle in order to circle it with stronger ones. The second approach is like a downward staircase: the first paragraph includes the cleverest argument, and the last one — the weakest argument. A good example is the best way to explain how to write a body paragraph correctly.

Linking words help your readers to follow your reasoning Firstly, Argument some stories involve supernatural characters. Since demons do not exist in reality, a story that features a supernatural being should be seen as fantastic. Linking words help your readers to follow your reasoning Secondly, Argument several stories describe supernatural events. The magician removes all the rocks with secret magic, but it is obvious that this is a fantastic element since magic does not exist.

Linking words help your readers to follow your reasoning Finally, Argument liminality makes the stories fantastic. Linking words help your readers to follow your reasoning. Everything is clear now with the essay main body, and we can move on to the last stage of your writing. In your conclusion, you have to remind your audience why they have read your essay and why it was not a waste of time. That is why it has to be the best part of your writing. Here is a list of four good strategies to complete your conclusion properly:. Restate the most significant points in the concluding paragraph and put a period.

Great job! The reader wants to have a feeling of completeness. Your conclusion may repeat your thesis statement. Now the cycle is completed. Sure, you should not repeat it verbatim, just use paraphrasing. Give your reader a hint about the further development of your topic or mention other aspects that could be interesting to him or her. For example, if you analyze the influence of Impressionism on European culture, in your concluding paragraph you may remark that it also had an effect on American culture.

You may quote or reference one of your sources. A quotation helps to specify and confirm your final point. If your essay is dedicated to a book or movie, this strategy is perfect. Use the Socratic method — ask a question. It may motivate readers to think over your topic or even to provide their own research. It is a brilliant strategy for those who want to stimulate thinking of their readers.

More data, more facts, more ideas. Just let it go! It has to be short and clear without unnecessary details. A conclusion is not a summary of your paper but a synthesis of your main points. Your readers understand perfectly well that the last paragraph is a concluding one. You should follow the same style through your essay. It will be a more confusing than entertaining move. Do you really think that reading and understanding your topic is enough?

Think again. Do you know how many types of essays exist? A gazillion. As a rule, a topic for this kind of essay is a general question. Your task is to answer this question and to persuade your reader that your opinion is the most immaculate and accurate. The argumentative essay belongs to the essay types that are frequently asked as a writing assignment in both schools and colleges.

Mention well-known sources and real-life examples for your arguments to be more compelling. Find more argumentative essay topics for your papers. The main goal of the analytical essay is — what a surprise — to analyze a tendency, behavior, event, etc. This type of essay is all about logical reasoning and structure. A reader should follow your thoughts naturally and easily.